What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a condition the pancreas produces impaired insulin that can't work properly,or that it produces too little insulin to get the glucose into your body's cells.

According to the CDC, more than 30 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and 90% to 95% of them have type 2 diabetes.

When you have  type 2  diabetes your  body still breaks down the carbohydrates from your food and drinks to turn it into glucose-6-phosphate ,which is a  type of glucose molecule wich is essential to producing  energy.

Beta cells, that are in the pancreas then respond by producing insulin.

As opposed to someone without diabetes, the insulin can't work properly so the glucose keeps building up in the bloodstream.

Higher levels of glucose trigger further production of insulin that is released to the blood.

This pathological cycle can wear out the pancreas to producing much less insulin, which can cause constant high levels of glucose in our blood and dependecy on exogenous insulin delivery to maintain normal levels of insulin.

Photo Credit: CDC

Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes

Your pancreas can't  produce enough insulin so your body can't fuel itself, wich is why you may start feeling exhaustion.

Sometimes,  some of the symptoms go unoticed in some people or they get symptoms  at all.
Some of the symptoms are could be attributed to other more common and less sever situations, which is why people tend to underestimate them and not seek for help. 


It is not uncommon for some people to live with diabetes type 2 for several years prior to their diagnosis.


Constant high levels  of glucose inyour blood can inflict serious damage to your eyes, kidneys and heart, but not only.



Managing Type 2 Diabetes

The good news, is that with proper treatment the deleterious effects of constant high levels of blood glocuse can certainly be managed.

Treating type 2 diabetes can be made with changes to your lifestyle, i.e healtheir diet ( inscreased consumption of dietary fiber, anti-inflammatory  fatty acids ), 8 hours of sleep, more physical activity and stress managment and weight loss, can all help to treat type 2 diabetes.

However,  most people will need medical intervention at some point, to normalize their blood glucose levels.



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Diabetes National Institute is first and foremost a growing campaign against diabetes and a community effort to enrich the lives of people with diabetes. Our mission is to provide free services and create a warm and supportive atmosphere where people with diabetes, their families, and the public can engage, learn, and build a greater understanding of diabetes.

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